What Causes Vein Disorders?
Venous insufficiency is a condition where blood flows to the legs but is unable to return to the heart and becomes pooled in the legs. Many patients experience this and similar vein disorders (including varicose veins), which can have some known risk factors including heredity, being female, pregnancy, and aging. However, trauma, obesity, high heels, prolonged standing and wearing tight fitting cloths have all been blamed as potential causes of venous insufficiency, but studies have shown only weak associations with these. Research is ongoing as to the true underlying cause(s) of venous insufficiency. When blood ceases to reach the small, thin veins at the end of the route, they can die and float the surface of the skin, causing what are commonly called ‘spider veins’.
What are the Symptoms?
Most people struggling with vein disorders have a variety of leg symptoms which can include: aching, leg pain, fatigue/heaviness, swelling, restless legs, night cramps, and pruritus (itchy legs). These symptoms often get worse as the day progresses and are sometimes relieved by leg elevation. It is important to note that venous insufficiency may be present in the absence of varicose or spider veins.
What are My Treatment Options?
If left untreated, chronic venous insufficiency may cause skin changes (known as stasis pigmentation or lipodermatosclerosis) around the ankles and lower legs, and the skin takes on a brown leathery appearance. This denotes unhealthy skin, which may predispose individuals to open sores (ulcerations) and bleeding or bruising after a minor injury. Fortunately, this is relatively rare.
Our vein clinic offers a number of treatment options for different types of venous insufficiency, and each treatment option includes an ultra-sound examination of the veins, after which our vein specialists can determine the optimal treatment for each patient’s needs. We offer comprehensive treatment for the following vein conditions:
- Varicose Veins
- Spider Veins
- Facial Veins
To see what vein treatment options are available to you, contact our office to meet with Dr. Kayastha and our vein specialists who can recommend the best plan for your unique goals and anatomy.